Cultural differences between Micronesia and Hawai‘i in the areas of medical care, employment, education and laws, compounded with the unfamiliarity with navigating Hawai‘i’s systems and services, has led to the numerous challenges facing the Micronesian community in Hawai‘i. Among these challenges are homelessness, highest number of student truancy, lack of job readiness skills, increasing numbers of children in child welfare services, and increasing numbers of juvenile and adult incarcerations. In 2007 an organization called the Micronesian Awareness Project (MCAP) was established and funded by the Office of Community Services to address the need to acculturate the State of Hawai‘i agencies to the Micronesian community, with the focus on the Department of Education (Personal Communication J.H, 12/1/2014). The demand was high and over the past 10 years, MCAP has provided over 70 cultural awareness trainings to State agencies, churches, service providers, and communities statewide (personal communication J.H., 12/1/2014)
Affect on Hawaii
According to a report by the US Government Accountability Office/ DOI, Hawaii spent over $628 million on services for compact migrants from 2004-2010 (approximately 108% increase), with the largest expenses for educational and health services. However, during this period only $75 million in compact impact grants were given to Hawaii. Hawaii has the second largest number of compact migrants in the United States.